Asthma is a chronic disease wherein the airflow to the lungs is reduced due to the inflammation and narrowing of airways. It is one the most common chronic diseases. Asthma in its milder form will be with a cough and sneezes. However, in its worst form will result in what is called asthma attacks’ in which the individual will have acute breathing problem due to narrowing and tightening of airway muscles. Asthma, though in its milder form while is manageable, if left unattended can be fatal.
Treating and Managing Asthma
Asthma is a condition which does not have any cure. The best way to manage asthma is to manage its symptoms – coughing, wheezing, shortness of breath, etc. For those who have frequent asthma attacks, which is its severe form, nebulizers are one of the must-have things at home.
What are nebulizers and how does it work?
A nebulizer is equipment which converts a liquid solution of medication into vapor form for inhalation. The liquid medication is converted to vapor form by pumping pressurized air through it, which is breathed in through a mask. This is a very good alternative for those have problems with using asthma inhalers. A nebulizer cuts the delays in oral medication by pumping the medicine in its vapor form directly to the lungs. Nowadays, home nebulizers are common which will help in reducing the risk of rushing to the hospital in case of emergency asthma attacks.
A home nebulizer consists of the following parts
- Nebulizer cup
- Air compressor
- Compressor tubing and the medication
Assemble the nebulizer by connecting the aerosol compressor and nebulizer cup with the tube. Connect the mask and plug the nebulizer to the electrical outlet if it’s an electrical nebulizer. The medication needs to be carefully measured, as instructed by the allergist or doctor and put into the nebulizer cup. Take deep breaths slowly trying to hold the breath for at least 3 seconds. Ensure to wash your hands thoroughly with soap before taking the treatment to ensure cleanliness.
Things to take care while using a nebulizer
If you are using a nebulizer at home, its maintenance is an important aspect to be looked in to. A nebulizer should always be kept clean and germ-free to avoid infections.
Nebulizer needs to be cleaned after each treatment. Take off the nebulizer cup and clean it with warm water shaking off excess water and leave it for drying soon after each treatment. If used on a daily basis, the nebulizer cup and mask need to be washed with mild detergent and dried. Make sure to keep the compressor wrapped in a clean cloth when not used. It should be put on the floor neither during treatment nor while storing.
Nebulizers for people with asthma available in the market, especially for home use include electrical and portable forms. While electrical nebulizers work through the external output, portable units have inbuilt batteries in them and may come a bit costlier than the electrical ones. Nebulizers are preferred mainly by parents for children, individuals with the disability, elderly patients, etc. with chronic asthma problems where it’s difficult for them to use hands and take deep breaths. In such cases nebulizers are a must-have equipment for treating asthma.